(First 2 Pages)
The style of management in diversified countries can be anywhere from entirely authoritarian to fully participative. This is a fundamental scale, which cuts across artificial and unavailing political divides; dictatorship of the left is dictatorship just like that of the right. Dictatorship is autocracy no matter whether the organization or political party is on the left or on the right of the political spectrum. Under participative government and democracy the government and leadership put into significance the wishes of the people, the policy determined by delegates instantly appointed by and directly accountable and accountable to the people. Under authoritarian government or dictatorship the government and its ‘experts’ command the people what the government or rulers decide the people have to follow.
Real strife is not between political left and right but is a strive for democracy against dictatorship in all community organizations and at all levels. Authoritarian attitudes affect in dispute, leadership and co-operation payoff in economic prosperity. The way in which organizations are directed, that is their style of management, of course deviate from country to country and changes as time passes. So we need to bear in mind that we are not in any way overwhelmed with opinions and feelings and beliefs about whether one organization is better than another, whether one method of organization is better than another, whether one political system is an enhancement on another. We are concerned here only with the profession as it is we are concerned only with unbiased facts. Hence we evaluate the style of management of the American and Japanese style.
Both American and Japanese businesspeople tend to have little experience in dealing with people from other countries, and generally lack the skills needed to apprehend cross- cultural provocations. Japanese and American communication patterns are quite different. The American style is direct, and values discussion. Americans expect their managers to attack problems head-on, set the plan, make and then delegate the performance to subordinates. Charisma and motivational capability are contemplated incisive. American companies tend to be financially oriented, and merit individual leadership and autonomy. Each employee’s role is surely defined, and he or she is responsible for those activities. Individuals make decisions in their realm of authority or expertise, and the company……..